The Dallol Depression, also called Danakil Depression, is a desert with some areas that are more than 100 meters (328 feet) below sea level. This is special because it is one of the lowest points on earth not covered by water. There are hot yellow sulfur fields among the sparkling white salt beds.
The other historical destination set apart to the east of the country is the walled city of Harer, well known for its Islamic learning and scholarship, as well as its handicraft, including weaving, basket-making, and book-binding.
The Surma people live in a remote corner of south-western Ethiopia, virtually untouched by the modern world. The Surma live close to the border with Sudan but the international frontier means little to most people - especially those who live away from the area's only road.
Gondar is located to the north of Lake Tana, which is regarded as a popular second stop on the historic circuit. It has served as Ethiopia’s capital for almost 300 years from 1635 on wards, and is today noted for its impressive 17th century castles as well as the beautiful decorated church of DebreBirhan Selassie.
The road extending from Addis Ababa to the Southern region is really a paradise for people admiring culture and nature. About 75 Kms. from the capital, the road diverges in to two in the town of Modjo; one to the east and the other to the South.
For most visitors to Ethiopia, the highlight of the northern circuit is the medieval capital of Lalibela, where high in the chilly mountains of Wollo stands a complex of a dozen rock-hewn churches often and justifiably ranked as the eighth wonder of the ancient world.