The Dallol Depression, also called Danakil Depression, is a desert with some areas that are more than 100 meters (328 feet) below sea level. This is special because it is one of the lowest points on earth not covered by water. There are hot yellow sulfur fields among the sparkling white salt beds.
Heat isn't the only thing people feel in the Dallol Depression. Alarming earth tremors are frequently felt. There are also several active volcanoes.So just how hot is it at the Dallol Depression? Temperatures can reach as high as 145 degrees Fahrenheit (63 degrees Celsius) in the sun.
There is nowhere else quite like it on Earth. More like hell say the very few who have made it there. It is a place where rivers die, boiling water spurts out of rocks and smoke curls up from holes in the ground. The landscape is dotted with bright yellow sulphur fields, green crystal pools and sparkling salt beds. This is the Danakil Depression, a basin in north-eastern Ethiopia, close to the Red Sea. It is one of the lowest points on earth not covered by water. Danakil is renowned for being the place with the highest average temperature on Earth. It tops 34 °C every day of the year and soars to 55 °C in the summer. Temperatures can reach as high as 63 °C in the sun. Heat isn’t the only thing people feel. Alarming earth tremors are frequently felt. There are also several active volcanoes.
One of the amazing places in Danakil is “Mount” Dallol with its hot yellow sulfur fields among the sparkling white salt beds. It is the lowest volcanos on land in the one of the lowest elevations on earth at about 116 meters below sea level. The other one is Erta Ale at 13.6°N, 40.67°E, and 613m. It is a shield volcano in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia. It is the most active volcano in Ethiopia. Erta Ale is 613 meters tall, with a lava lake, one of only five in the world, at the summit. It is notable for being the longest existing lava lake, present since the early years of the twentieth century. It is located in the Danakil Depression.
The Afar people inhabited this harsh inhospitable region, will give a cultural encounter to your stay in the area. The Nomadic Afar people, dominantly Muslim, the women are dressed colorfully, mainly they live on herding camels and livestock; their villages are made up of small circular mobile huts with very inter woven kinship social structure led by elders., which has a base diameter of 30km and is only 500m high. In its 1600×700m vast summit caldera, there are two pit craters. The larger one with 300-400m diameter in the northern part contained a lava lake in 1968 and 1973 but is now inactive. A central, but smaller pit with 140m diameter, and 60 to 90m deep now has an active lava lake 60m wide and 100m long. It is the only active fire lake with permanent lava on earth.
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